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i u a pi pu pa ti tu ta ki ku ka gi gu ga mi mu ma ni nu na si su sa li lu la ji ju ja vi vu va ri ru ra qi qu qa ngi ngu nga lhi lhu lha

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John Pangnark , ᔭᓐ ᐸᓇ

Settlement: Eskimo Point / Arviat

(1920-1980) — E1-104

Alternative Names: Pangnark Pangnark, John Pangnark, Elijah Pangnark, Pangnerk Pangnark, Pangnik Pangnark, Parngnark Pangnark, Parngwark Pangnark

Born in 1920 at Windy Lake, 300 km west of Arviat (Nunavut), Pangnark was a member of the Ahiamiut (people of the other side) Inuit. Pangnark resettled in Arviat in the late 1950s, like many others. He had experienced years of hardship due to the area's famines in the 1950s and until that time Pangnark had been living a "semi-nomadic hunting lifestyle." He would continue to hunt to support his family while they lived in Arviat.

Pangnark's artistic career began in the early 1960s and went through many phases. Carving the distinctive hard stone of the region dictated the artist's approach. In the mid-1960s the "curves and planes" of his sculptures softened and in the 1970s his approach became more minimal, his work was characterized by smooth and irregular surfaces incised with faint slits for facial features. His work focussed almost entirely on single figures but with many variations. 

Pangnark's work was included in major group exhibitions in the 1970s including a world tour of Inuit art called: "Sculpture of the Inuit: Masterworks of the Canadian Arctic" exhibition (1971-73). He was also one of four Inuit artists to travel to Osaka, Japan for Expo 70 as artists in residence.


  • Arctic Mirror, Canadian Museum of Civilization
  • Cultures of the Sun and the Snow: Indian and Eskimo Art of the Americas, Musee des beaux-arts de Montreal held at "Man and His World"
  • Early Eskimo Sculpture, Arctic Artistry
  • Eskimo Point/Arviat, Winnipeg Art Gallery
  • Eskimo Sculpture: Selections from the Twomey Collection, Winnipeg Art Gallery
  • Espaces Inuit, Maison Hamel-Bruneau
  • Im Schatten der Sonne: Zeitgenossische Kunst der Indianer und Eskimos in Kanada/In the Shadow of the Sun: Contemporary Indian and Inuit Art in Canada, Canadian Museum of Civilization
  • Immaginario Inuit Arte e cultura degli esquimesi canadesi, Galleria d'Arte Moderna e Contemporanea
  • Inspiration Four Decades of Sculpture, Marion Scott Gallery
  • INUA: 50 Works from the Cappadocia Collection of Inuit Art, McMaster Art Gallery
  • Inuit Art: A Selection of Inuit Art from the Collection of the National Museum of Man, Ottawa, and the Rothmans Permanent Collection of Inuit Sculpture, Canada, National Museum of Man, Ottawa and Rothmans of Pall Mall Canada Ltd.
  • Inuit Sculpture 1974/Sculpture Inuit 1974, Lippel Gallery
  • Inuit Sculpture 1982, The Raven Gallery
  • Kanuitpit? Kunst und Kulturen der Eskimo: Eine Auswahl aus den Museumssammlungen, Staatliches Museum fur Volkerkunde Munchen
  • Major/Minor, Marion Scott Gallery
  • Masterwork Sculpture 1985, Inuit Gallery of Vancouver
  • Oonark/Pangnark, National Arts Centre, curated by the National Museum of Man
  • Pangnark, The Arctic Circle
  • Pangnark Abstract Sculpture - Kakasilala Representational Sculpture, The Innuit Gallery of Eskimo Art
  • Primitive Art from the Arctic, Arctic Artistry
  • Pure Vision: The Keewatin Spirit, Norman McKenzie Art Gallery
  • Rugged and Profound - Sculpture from Eskimo Point, The Innuit Gallery of Eskimo Art
  • Sculpture of the Inuit: Lorne Balshine Collection/Lou Osipov Collection/ Dr. Harry Winrob Collection, Surrey Art Gallery
  • Sculpture of the Inuit: Masterwork Exhibitors of the Canadian Arctic, Inuit Gallery of Vancouver
  • Sculpture/Inuit: Masterworks of the Canadian Arctic, Canadian Eskimo Arts Council
  • Share the Vision Philadelphians Collect Inuit Art, Art Space Gallery
  • Stones, Bones, Cloth, and Paper: Inuit Art in Edmonton Collections, Edmonton Art Gallery
  • The Art of Keewatin, Arctic Artistry
  • The Coming and Going of the Shaman: Eskimo Shamanism and Art, Winnipeg Art Gallery
  • The Jacqui and Morris Shumiatcher Collection of Inuit Art, Norman Mackenzie Art Gallery, University of Regina
  • The Mulders' Collection of Eskimo Sculpture, Winnipeg Art Gallery
  • The Stone Sculpture of Arviat, McMichael Canadian Art Collection
  • The Williamson Collection of Inuit Sculpture, Norman Mackenzie Art Gallery, University of Regina
  • The Zazelenchuk Collection of Eskimo Art, Winnipeg Art Gallery
  • Uumajut: Animal Imagery in Inuit Art, Winnipeg Art Gallery


  • Agnes Etherington Art Centre, Queen's University, Kingston
  • Amon Carter Museum of Western Art, Fort Worth
  • Art Gallery of Ontario, Toronto
  • Canadian Museum of Civilization, Hull
  • Collection of His Royal Highness, the Prince of Wales, London
  • Dennos Museum Center, Northwestern Michigan College, Traverse City
  • Edmonton Art Gallery, Edmonton
  • Inuit Cultural Institute, Rankin Inlet
  • Klamer Family Collection, Art Gallery of Ontario, Toronto
  • Musee des beaux-arts de Montreal, Montreal
  • Museum of Anthropology, University of British Columbia, Vancouver
  • National Gallery of Canada, Ottawa
  • Sarick Collection, Art Gallery of Ontario, Toronto
  • Williamson Collection, Art Gallery of Ontario, Toronto
  • Winnipeg Art Gallery, Winnipeg


Title Last Sold At Auction
KNEELING WOMAN 2007-11 (November 2007)
ANIMAL 2019-11 (November 2019)
BIRD 2016-02 (February 2016)
CRAWLING FIGURE 2012-04 (April 2012)
CROUCHING FIGURE 2021-05 (May 2021)
CROUCHING HUNTER 2020-02 (February 2020)
FACES 2011-11 (November 2011)
FIGURE 2021-12 (December 2021)
FIGURE IN AMAUT 2016-11 (November 2016)
FIGURE IN VOLUMINOUS AMAUTIQ 2016-11 (November 2016)
FIGURE WITH A BEAK 2012-04 (April 2012)
FIGURE WITH RAISED ARMS, 1968 2019-05 (May 2019)
FIGURES 2018-11 (November 2018)
HOODED FACE 2009-11 (November 2009)
HOODED FIGURE 2015-11 (November 2015)
INUIT COUPLE 2012-11 (November 2012)
INUIT FIGURE 2017-05 (May 2017)
KNEELING WOMAN IN AMAUTIQ 2022-09 (September 2022)
LEMMING 2011-05 (May 2011)
MAN/BEAR 2012-04 (April 2012)
MOTHER AND CHILD 2018-11 (November 2018)
MOTHER WITH CHILD 2015-01 (January 2015)
PEACEFUL WOMAN 2017-05 (May 2017)
PRAYING FIGURE 2016-11 (November 2016)
PROFILE OF A BIRD 2011-11 (November 2011)
SEAL/SHAMAN TRANSFORMATION 2007-11 (November 2007)
SEATED FIGURE 2009-04 (April 2009)
SEATED FIGURE PULLING UP HOOD 2007-11 (November 2007)
SEATED INUIT FIGURE 2007-04 (April 2007)
SEATED WOMAN 2019-11 (November 2019)
SEDNA 2013-03 (March 2013)
SMILING FIGURE 2013-03 (March 2013)
SPIRIT FIGURE 2018-11 (November 2018)
WAVING FIGURE 2020-09 (September 2020)
WAVING FIGURE, 1968 2019-05 (May 2019)
WOMAN 2012-11 (November 2012)
WOMAN IN AMAUTI 2012-11 (November 2012)
WOMAN IN AMAUTIQ 2022-09 (September 2022)

Recent Auction Results

Estimate: 2,000 — 4,000
Sold: Sep 2022 — Sold For: $2,700
Estimate: 1,000 — 1,500
Sold: Sep 2022 — Sold For: $1,440
Estimate: 15,000 — 25,000
Sold: Jun 2022 — Sold For: $14,400
Estimate: 1,000 — 1,500
Sold: Dec 2021 — Sold For: $960
Estimate: 2,000 — 4,000
Sold: Dec 2021 — Sold For: $2,040
Estimate: 1,500 — 2,500
Sold: Dec 2021 — Sold For: $2,040

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