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i u a pi pu pa ti tu ta ki ku ka gi gu ga mi mu ma ni nu na si su sa li lu la ji ju ja vi vu va ri ru ra qi qu qa ngi ngu nga lhi lhu lha

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Culture camp pilot program immerses youth in Innu culture, traditions

CBC News | September 9, 2022

Categories: news

Participants play and learn on the same land their ancestors hunted and fished

Heidi Atter · CBC News · Posted: Sep 08, 2022 1:14 PM NT | Last Updated: September 9

Several tents are lined up in a row on a sandy beach as a white flag flies in front of them. An anchor is in the front of the picture.
The Nutshimit Cultural Program camp had a large row of tents and a sheltered outdoor cooking area. It was only accessible by boat along the Kenamu River in central Labrador. (Heidi Atter/CBC)

On an island on Kenamu River in central Labrador, several tents are strung up on the sand. 

For the 15 youths attending a cultural pilot program, it's a place were they're free to run, play and learn — on the same land where their Innu ancestors once camped and hunted.

"It's healing. Being in here for these past couple of nights. It feels like it's your body and your mind is healing," storyteller Yvette Michel said. "It's medicine being in the country."

The youths were living on the land as part of the Nutshimit Cultural Program run by the Sheshatshiu Innu First Nation. The pilot program, which ran Aug. 22-26, brought storytellers, young adults and elders together. 

A large group photo shows about two dozen people smiling at the camera. They're on a sandy beach with tents to their right.
Fifteen youths and a number of adults were at the Nutshimit Cultural Program in August. (Heidi Atter/CBC)

Grayor Sillitt, 13, said he wanted to be around other kids his age but also learn about his culture — "how they used to chop wood, how they used to go hunting," he said. 

It's important to learn to keep their roots alive, he said. Grayor said he's also learned he's the type of person to always help out, just like his parents.

"Being out on the land is really incredible," he said.

Jack Penashue, superintendent of Labrador's Mealy Mountains National Park, said colonization and assimilation have impacted the Innu people.

"Giving a little bit and showing that you know there's a better way of doing things, a better way of life," he said at the camp, "it's critical in the time of where we are right now in regards to all the challenges we face."

A man in a red plaid jacket and Saskatchewan Roughriders shirt looks at the camera. There's a camp with tents and youth in the background.
Jack Penashue said Innu people have been impacted by colonization and assimilation and it's important to show their youth that there is a different way of life. (Heidi Atter/CBC)

The route along the islands is a great fishing area and there are a number of artifacts from old campsites on each side of the lake, Penashue said. His parents travelled the route between Sheshatshiu Innu First Nation and the Mealy Mountains as well, he said. 

"It's really, really important that we keep our Innu-ness alive and promoted in a way that's so that the young guys that are coming around the corner can experience a little bit of the flavour of what our fathers and our grandparents had lived," Penashue said. 

A woman in a yellow shirt smiles at the camera while a woman in grey smiles in the background.
Yvette Michel originally planned to only tell ghost stories one of the nights of the camp. However, the youth kept asking for more each night around the campfire. (Heidi Atter/CBC)

At the camp each night there were stories and ghost stories around the fire. Storyteller Yvette Michel said she grew up going out to the country often and she was happy to see young people doing the same. 

"The highlight for me is seeing these young youths are so interested in, you know the activities and sleeping in the tent," Michel said. "It's inspiring to watch and to inspire other young youth, I should say, to join in these activities."

The campers learned how to set up the Innu tents, how to fish and how to make Innu doughnuts, while taking a break from electronics, Michel said. She said she hopes the youths ask for more traditional camps throughout the year. 

A group of youth and two adults smile from a boat on a blue river.
The youth were able to go fishing, hunting, and tubing on boats during the Nutshimit Cultural Program on Kenamu River. (Heidi Atter/CBC)

Shipu Penashue, 26,  said he was glad to see the participants smiling and enjoying themselves.

"It keeps the tradition alive and so that they don't forget where they come from," Penashue said. "So they don't forget that they're Innu. Being Innu means a lot."

A group of boys and one man sit in chairs in a circle. One is holding and playing a guitar.
Shipu Penashue, second from left, teaches a group of youths some common guitar cords at the Nutshimit Cultural Program on the Kenamu River. (Heidi Atter/CBC)

Shipu said he's grateful to see cultural programs available because there weren't a lot when he was younger. Having recently been in addictions treatment program, he said, being immersed in his culture has helped his own recovery journey, as it's a reminder of the responsibilities he has as an Innu person. 

"I forgot a lot about this stuff when I was out there doing the stuff that I shouldn't have been doing," said Shipu, who said he was more than two months sober. "And by doing all this stuff, it brings joy in my life, brings a lot of happiness in my life as well."

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